Russian Federation

Русская Федерация

Russkaya Federatsiya

Russian flag FoL3

Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation


God is with us

Бог с нами

Bog s nami


"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"

"Gosudarstvennyy gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"

"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"

Russia map FoL3
and largest city


Official Language


6 other regional languages

National Religion
Eastern Orthodoxy

Russian (Rossiyane)


Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic



Dmitry Abramovich




Prime Minister

Council Chairman

Duma Chairman

Alexander Puzanov

Valentina Matviyenko

Sergey Naryshkin


Federal Assembly


Upper house

Federal Council


Lower house

State Duma



Arrival of Rurik









Kievan Rus'

Grand Duchy

Tsardom of Russia

Russian Empire

Treaty of Creation


Commissar Constitution



16 January 1547

22 October 1721

30 December 1922

5 July 1951

11 July 1952


1960 census

120.7 million


17,098,242 sq kilometres

6,592,800 sq miles

Per Capita

Not Available


Russian ruble (RUB)

Date Format

Drives on the


Russia, officially the Russian Federation is a country in northeastern Europe. It is a federal semi-presidential republic. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, occupied Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia. It shares maritime borders with the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Sea. It shares maritime borders with Japan from Okhotsk and Vladivostok. It shares maritime borders with the Canadian Arctic Islands in the Arctic Circle. At 17,098,242 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering 36% of Continental Europe, and the entirety of northern Asia. Russia is also the world's eighth most populous nation with 120 million people as of 1960. The modern day Russian Federation was formed in 1917 when Russia suffered from a civil war which threw it out of World War 1 and established a new Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, which soon went to war in 1919 and further occupied the state of Ukraine, which had broken away during the revolution. After the settlement of official union boundaries, the Soviet Union was founded by the Treaty of Creation in 1922. The Soviet Union participated in World War 2, while in the process obtaining new territories which eventually became exclaves of Russia or entirely new members of the union, and dealt with a brief standoff with the United States and their western allies, which is now referred to as the Cold War. The Soviet Union dissolved in 1951 after the stagnation of the economy and public dissatisfaction with the government, and left in its place 15 individual nations. In 1952, the current constitution was drafted, and the Russian Federation was formed.