FANDOM


Republic of South Africa

Republiek van Suid-Afrika

RSA2
RSA

Motto

Ike e: Ixarra Ilke

"Unity in Diversity"

Anthem

National Anthem of South Africa

SA3
Capital(s)

Capetown, Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Johannesburg

Languages

English, Dutch

Religions

Lutheran Christianity, Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy

Demonym

South African

Government

Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

-

-

Prime Minister

Speaker of the Parliment

Solly Shoke

Ekone Ekolo

Legislature

Parliment

-

Upper house

First Chamber

-

Lower house

Second Chamber

Establishment

-

Consolidation

Middle Ages

Population

-

1950

13,683,000 million

Area
1,122,000 sq kilometers
GDP
9.3 billion USD$ (?)

Currency

South African Rand (ZAR)

Date format

yyyy-mm-dd

Drives on the

left

Internet TLD

.sa

HistoryEdit

European Colonization:Edit

In 1652, a century and a half after the discovery of the Cape Sea Route, Jan van Riebeeck established a refreshment station at the Cape of Good Hope, at what would become Cape Town,[28] on behalf of the Dutch East India Company. The Dutch transported slaves from Indonesia, Madagascar, and India as labour for the colonists in Cape Town. As they expanded east, the Dutch settlers met the southwesterly migrating Xhosa people in the region of the Fish River. A series of wars, called the Cape Frontier Wars, were fought over conflicting land and livestock interests.

Great Britain took over the Cape of Good Hope area in 1795, to prevent it from falling under control of the French First Republic, which had invaded the Dutch Republic. Given its standing interests in Australia and India, Great Britain wanted to use Cape Town as an interim port for its merchants' long voyages. The British returned Cape Town to the DutchBatavian Republic in 1803, the Dutch East India Company having effectively gone bankrupt by 1795.

In 1931 the union was fully sovereign from the United Kingdom with the passage of the Statute of Westminster, which abolishes the last powers of the British Government on the country. In 1934, the South African Party and National Party merged to form the United Party, seeking reconciliation between Afrikaners and English-speaking "Whites". In 1939 the party split over the entry of the Union intoWorld War II as an ally of the United Kingdom, a move which the National Party followers strongly opposed.

In 1948, the National Party was elected to power. It strengthened the racial segregation begun under Dutch and British colonial rule. The Nationalist Government classified all peoples into three races and developed rights and limitations for each. The white minority (less than 20%[40]) controlled the vastly larger black majority. The legally institutionalised segregation became known as apartheid. While the White minority enjoyed the highest standard of living in all of Africa, comparable to First World Western nations, the Black majority remained disadvantaged by almost every standard, including income, education, housing, and life expectancy. The Freedom Charter, adopted in 1955 by the Congress Alliance, demanded a non-racial society and an end to discrimination.

Republic:Edit

On 31 May 1961, the country became a republic following a referendum in which white voters narrowly voted in favour thereof (the British-dominated Natal province rallied against the issue).[41] Queen Elizabeth II was stripped of the title Queen of South Africa, and the last Governor-General, namely Charles Robberts Swart, became State President. As a concession to the Westminster system, the presidency remained parliamentary appointed and virtually powerless until P. W. Botha's Constitution Act of 1983, which (intact in these regards) eliminated the office of Prime Minister and instated a near-unique "strong presidency" responsible to parliament. Pressured by other Commonwealth of Nations countries, South Africa left the organisation in 1961 and was readmitted only in 1994.

In 1990 the National Party government took the first step towards dismantling discrimination when it lifted the ban on the African National Congress and other political organisations. It released Nelson Mandela from prison after twenty-seven years' serving a sentence for sabotage. A negotiation process followed. The government repealed apartheid legislation. South Africa destroyed its nuclear arsenal and acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. South Africa held its first universal elections in 1994, which the ANC won by an overwhelming majority. It has been in power ever since. The country rejoined the Commonwealth of Nations.

MilitaryEdit

Current Branches Include:Edit

  • Suid-Afrikaanese Weermag (SAA)
  • Suid-Afrikaanese Vloot (SAN)
  • Suid-Afrikaanese Lugmag (SAAF)
  • Suid-Afrikaanese Spesiale Magte (SASF)

EconomyEdit

Economy in Reigon:Edit

Economy Overview:Edit

HealthEdit

Foriegn AffairsEdit

Allies:Edit

Major Trade Partners:Edit

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